idea factory- april 11 2021 Yellow bulb-

Instructional Design

Systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs.

Image by Mr. Bochelly

Instructional Design


(complete notes of the particular course(syllabus) from top to bottom)


1.Design (crafting of the total delivery)

Ex: Data, information’s, references, books, scientific evidences, stories, modeling (inductive (bottom to top) or deductive (Top to bottom), number of concept coverage, weather the presentation should make thematic or conceptual, Assessments, Classification of audience (Multiple intelligence (9), emotional intelligence (5), Generation classification (5), Gender (3), Personality traits/Psychographic model (Big 5), age (6) (pre-primary, primary, upper primary, secondary , higher secondary and adult.), time, duration and number of modules

2.Development (Scripting process)

What story? what scientific information? questions for assessments, material tools

3.Classroom management (offline/online)

Offline: - number of students, nature of classroom (open place, public hall, hotel), classroom materials (board, chock, tab, monitor, projector, writing material, reading material, supporting assistance, panel discussion, anecdote sessions (ex: book review), flying class. -online: - number of students, virtual tools, technical control, dressing, sitting, environment, devices, connectivity, duration, time, material supply, flipped content, assessment method, etc.

4.ILO (Intended learning outcome)

Curriculum (Super set, the 360-degree achievable target), syllabus (sub set, the breakdown structure to achieve the curriculum target), the percentage of intended learning outcome

5.Assessment (examination)

For learning (test or exam before starting training process) On learning (test or exam over the learning task of the learner) In learning (test or exam during the teaching, learning process) Of learning (test or exam for to understand the ILO of the learner)

6.Transaction methodology (The systematic method through which the trainer of teacher imparting knowledge to the learner)

Inquisitive questions/ story (required or not, if then what?) Definitions and explanations (identify the terminologies/buzz words/technical information’s then give a proper definition and expiations) Facts and figures (need or not, how many numbers, what should be that?) `    experience sharing/story telling ( Lecturing (how many sessions, content, duration) Infographic presentations (pictorial presentation/visualization) (which content go for infographics, what type of infographics,) Inline assessment (in learning) (how many inline assessments? what should be that? what method to use)


Language (which language to use, weather it required multiple languages and the level of language)
Size and duration 
Tools (Doodle, Prezi, Camtasia studio, Infographics, PPT etc.)


Medium (Video, Audio, Writing, Kinesthetic) 

Should address 3 domains:
1.Cognitive domain:(directly addressing brain) theory, principles, rules, procedure, innovative ideas 
2.Affective domain: (directly addressing heart and emotions): stories, use cases, emotional narrations, imperative language and expressions  
3.Psychomotor domain (addressing psychological macro programing which control the gross motor movements): activities, assignments, physical works, performances. 

Training or learning properties

1.    Concept (a self-standing idea which has its own independent meaning)
Ex: Food for energy 
   -Number of foods
a.    Major    
i.    Minor 1
ii.    Minor 2
iii.    Etc.
b.    Minor
2.    Theme (leaner progression of series of concepts)
a.    Sub-themes 1
b.    Sub-themes 2
c.    Sub-themes 3